The role of cognitive skills in explaining wage differentials between socio-economic groups

By Marieke Vandeweyer. Average wages can vary markedly between socio-economic groups. A well-known example is the difference in wages between male and female workers, the so-called gender wage gap. Other examples include the difference in wages between: native- and foreign-born workers; workers with different socio-economic backgrounds – for example those with high-skilled and low-skilled parents; … More The role of cognitive skills in explaining wage differentials between socio-economic groups

Investing in youth is key for fixing Latvia’s demographics

By Sebastian Königs. Latvia faces a huge demographic challenge. Since restoration of its independence in 1991, the country lost more than a quarter of its resident population. In 2015, the population dropped below 2 million for the first time since the 1950s, down from 2.7 million in 1989. The drivers of this trend are twofold: … More Investing in youth is key for fixing Latvia’s demographics

Youth unemployment in Tunisia: The need to invest in and activate skills is greater than ever

By Stijn Broecke. In recent weeks, Tunisia has hit the headlines again – unfortunately not for the right reasons. Protests sprung up all around the country and a nationwide curfew was imposed in events reminiscent of those leading up to the beginning of the “Arab Spring” just over five years ago. Sadly, one of the … More Youth unemployment in Tunisia: The need to invest in and activate skills is greater than ever

Skills for growth: human capital composition and economic performance

By Fabio Manca. The role played by human capital and skills in fostering economic growth and technological progress has been the focus of a large strand of economic literature for decades. That said, at the beginning of the century, economists were still struggling to clearly pin down the contribution of human capital on the economic … More Skills for growth: human capital composition and economic performance