By Marieke Vandeweyer. Types of skills for the future Structural changes, such as technological progress and globalisation, are changing the skills needed in the labour market. The importance of assessing skills needs was already discussed in a previous blog post. In light of the changing skills demand, the World Economic Forum (WEF) has identified the … More Soft skills for the future
By Guillermo Montt. In 2012, the OECD released the first results of the Survey of Adults Skills. Workers in Japan and Finland showed higher proficiency than workers in Spain or Italy. Those findings captured the media attention, as OECD country rankings typically do. But there is much more in the data. The survey assessed the … More A more skilled population ahead: age or cohort effects?
By Stijn Broecke. “The hardest thing in the world to understand is the income tax.” –Albert Einstein. Tax incentives are used widely across OECD countries to incentivise individuals to invest in post-compulsory education and training – however little is known about their effectiveness. Recent evidence from the United States highlights the risk of creating overly … More Tax incentives and skills: A cautionary tale about the risk of complexity
By Fabio Manca. Measuring skills can be problematic as adequate proxies are, in many cases, not readily available. ‘Qualification levels’ are among the most commonly used proxies for skills as they can be found in large datasets produced by national statistical offices and updated regularly. Qualifications, however, are only an imperfect approximation of workers’ competences, … More Are we only apparently mismatched? Reasons and consequences of apparent qualification mismatch
By Glenda Quintini and Guillermo Montt. A range of OECD analysis (see the recent OECD Policy Brief on The Future of Work) has been exploring the relationship between digitalisation, jobs and skills, the magnitude of potential job substitution due to technological change, the relationship between globalisation and wage polarisation, as well as the changes to … More Automation and Task-based change in OECD countries
By Katharine Mullock. The recent fires in Fort McMurray in Canada have drawn international attention to this prosperous oil town. Residents of Fort McMurray were forced to evacuate their homes this week, after many moved from all over Canada to take advantage of high wages and strong employment demand in a town known more for … More Skills on the Move in Canada
By Marieke Vandeweyer. The past decades have seen important shifts in the skills required by the labour market as a consequence of important structural changes such as the rapid improvement in computer technology. As pointed out in previous blog posts, these changes have led to a decrease in the share of employment in routine-intensive occupations, … More The growing need for developing (the right) STEM skills
By Luca Marcolin. Innovation and new technologies – especially Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) – and globalisation are key features of 21st century economies. They contribute to shape firm and industry performance and dynamics, and may trigger radical changes in employment patterns and the skills profile of the workforce. Many factors determine the way firms … More Going going gone? Routine jobs in Global Value Chains
By Guillermo Montt. Much attention has been given to the extent to which technology will replace workers. Some alarming estimates point to a large share of jobs at risk of being automated. By focusing only on the unlikely scenario of massive job substitution, the discussion on technological change, jobs and skills has ignored the more … More More on digitalisation and skills: What happens within occupations?
By Stijn Broecke. The concern that robots will take our jobs is one that has already been discussed several times on this blog. It is also the topic of a heated policy debate and ranked high amongst the issues discussed at the recent Policy Forum on the Future of Work, hosted by the OECD on … More Can robots be lawyers?