By Glenda Quintini. Skills policies have tended to focus disproportionately on the supply side – the acquisition and adaptation of skills. In recent years, however, there has been an increasing awareness that demand-side issues – how employers use skills in the workplace – are just as important as developing skills in the first place. It … More Skills use at work: Why does it matter and what influences it?
By Glenda Quintini. Today, the OECD publishes Skills Matter: Further Results from the Survey of Adult Skills, the Second International Report for the Survey of Adults Skills – an international assessment of the proficiency of adults aged 16-65 years in three key information processing skills: literacy, numeracy, and problem solving in technology-rich environments. The first … More The Survey of Adult Skills: nine more countries added on
By Katharine Mullock. Previous posts (Youth Skills day 2015 and Investing in Disadvantage Youth) addressed some of the challenges posed by youth who are not employed or enrolled in education or training programmes (the so-called NEET group). This group has increased in size since the recession: from 13.5 per cent of youth age 15-29 in OECD … More Does the year you graduate influence your future pay cheque?
By Marieke Vandeweyer. Types of skills for the future Structural changes, such as technological progress and globalisation, are changing the skills needed in the labour market. The importance of assessing skills needs was already discussed in a previous blog post. In light of the changing skills demand, the World Economic Forum (WEF) has identified the … More Soft skills for the future
By Guillermo Montt. In 2012, the OECD released the first results of the Survey of Adults Skills. Workers in Japan and Finland showed higher proficiency than workers in Spain or Italy. Those findings captured the media attention, as OECD country rankings typically do. But there is much more in the data. The survey assessed the … More A more skilled population ahead: age or cohort effects?
By Stijn Broecke. “The hardest thing in the world to understand is the income tax.” –Albert Einstein. Tax incentives are used widely across OECD countries to incentivise individuals to invest in post-compulsory education and training – however little is known about their effectiveness. Recent evidence from the United States highlights the risk of creating overly … More Tax incentives and skills: A cautionary tale about the risk of complexity
By Fabio Manca. Measuring skills can be problematic as adequate proxies are, in many cases, not readily available. ‘Qualification levels’ are among the most commonly used proxies for skills as they can be found in large datasets produced by national statistical offices and updated regularly. Qualifications, however, are only an imperfect approximation of workers’ competences, … More Are we only apparently mismatched? Reasons and consequences of apparent qualification mismatch
By Glenda Quintini and Guillermo Montt. A range of OECD analysis (see the recent OECD Policy Brief on The Future of Work) has been exploring the relationship between digitalisation, jobs and skills, the magnitude of potential job substitution due to technological change, the relationship between globalisation and wage polarisation, as well as the changes to … More Automation and Task-based change in OECD countries
By Katharine Mullock. The recent fires in Fort McMurray in Canada have drawn international attention to this prosperous oil town. Residents of Fort McMurray were forced to evacuate their homes this week, after many moved from all over Canada to take advantage of high wages and strong employment demand in a town known more for … More Skills on the Move in Canada
By Marieke Vandeweyer. The past decades have seen important shifts in the skills required by the labour market as a consequence of important structural changes such as the rapid improvement in computer technology. As pointed out in previous blog posts, these changes have led to a decrease in the share of employment in routine-intensive occupations, … More The growing need for developing (the right) STEM skills